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Google celebrates legendary French animalier Rosa Bonheur's 200th birthday with a doodle

 Rosa Bonheur was born on this day in 1822 in Bordeaux. Google marked her 200th birth anniversary with a doodle.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Google celebrated French artist Rosa Bonhuer's 200th birthday with a doodle.
  • Rosa Bonhuer is one of the most celebrated animal painters of all time.
  • She is also widely considered to be the most famous female painter of the nineteenth century
Google on Wednesday celebrated the 200th birth anniversary of legendary French painter, Rosa Bonheur, an animalière (animalier) and sculptor who inspired a generation of women in the arts.


An animalier is an artist, mainly from the 19th century, who specializes in, or is known for, skill in the realistic portrayal of animals. 

The more general term for such artists is ‘animal painter’.
Bonheur was one of the most renowned animaliers of her era who went on to become one of the all-time greats.
She was widely considered to be the most famous female painter of the nineteenth century.


Her paintings include Ploughing in the Nivernais, first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1848, and now at the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, and The Horse Fair, which was exhibited at the Salon of 1853.


Bonheur was born on this day in 1822 in Bordeaux. Her early artistic education was facilitated by her father, who himself was a minor landscape painter.
Bonheur closely followed the development of artistic traditions even though aspirations for a career in the arts were unconventional for women of the time.
She spent years studying and preparing sketches of different types of art before immortalising them on canvas.
Her reputation as an animal painter and sculptor grew into the 1840s, with many of her works exhibited at the prestigious Paris Salon from 1841 to 1853.
Google Doodle page of the day says: Scholars believe an 1849 exhibition of “Plowing in Nivernais,” a government commission that is now housed in France’s Musée Nationale du Château de Fontainebleau, established her as a professional artist. In 1853, Bonheur garnered international acclaim with her painting “The Horse Fair,” which depicted the horse market held in Paris. As her most well-known work, this painting remains on exhibit in New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The French Empress Eugénie awarded Bonheur the Legion of Honor—one of the nation’s most prestigious awards, in 1865.
Bonheur was also openly homosexual and lived with her partner Nathalie Micas for over 40 years.


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