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Google doodle celebrate Nowruz with flower

 


Nowruz: The first day of the Iranian calendar falls on the March equinox, the first day of spring, around 21 March. In the 11th century CE the Iranian calendar was reformed in order to fix the beginning of the calendar year, i.e. Nowruz, at the vernal equinox. Accordingly, the definition of Nowruz given by the Iranian scientist Tusi was the following: "the first day of the official New Year [Nowruz] was always the day on which the sun entered Aries before noon." Nowruz is the first day of Farvardin, the first month of the Iranian solar calendar.

Visiting family and friends

During the Nowruz holidays, people are expected to make short visits to the homes of family, friends and neighbors. Typically, young people will visit their elders first, and the elders return their visit later. Visitors are offered tea and pastries, cookies, fresh and dried fruits and mixed nuts or other snacks. Many Iranians throw large Nowruz parties in as a way of dealing with the long distances between groups of friends and family.

Food preparation

One of the most common foods cooked on the occasion of Nowruz is Samanu (Samanak, Somank, Somalek). This food is prepared using wheat germ. In most countries that celebrate Nowruz, this food is cooked. In some countries, cooking this food is associated with certain rituals. Women and girls in different parts of Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan cook Samanu in groups and sometimes during the night, and when cooking it, they sing memorable songs.

Cooking other foods is also common on Nowruz. For example, Sabzi polo with fish is eaten on Eid night and sweets such as Nan-e Nokhodchi. In general, cooking Nowruz food is common in every region where Nowruz is celebrated, and each area has its food and sweets.

What is Nowruz and why is it celebrated?

Also known as the celebration of the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere, Nowruz commemorates the first day of spring and the Iranian New Year.


Who celebrates Nowruz?


SAN DIEGO COUNTY, Calif — On the first day of spring Persians celebrate Nowruz, also known as the New Year. On Sunday at 8:33 a.m. it will be celebration time among thousands of families across San Diego and millions across the world.


Ahead of the Iran's new year Nowruz, Iranians expects an agreement to revive the nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), will be reached in the upcoming new year, which may lift the sanctions on the Islamic republic reimposed by the United States, and will make life easier.

TEHRAN, March 19 (Xinhua) -- As Nowruz, the Iranian new year, will begin on March 21, Reza, a construction worker living in Tehran, is feeling depressed because he hasn't been able to afford to buy new clothes and gifts for his children.

"It is a tradition, and they are looking forward to new clothes," Reza, who only gave his first name, regretted. He is the father of a 10-year-old girl and a five-year-old boy.

© Provided by Xinhua

Hardly capable of reading and writing, Reza recalled that life has turned to be more difficult after the United States, under former President Donald Trump, withdrew from the international Iran nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), in 2018 and reimposed sweeping sanctions on the Islamic republic.

Though the sanctions failed to bring Tehran to its knees, a bitter yet undeniable fact is that it has always been Iran's people, mainly low-income class, who have borne the brunt of the pressures caused by these unilateral coercive measures.

"They are only kids and they don't understand it when I say I don't have enough money," he said, questioning "Don't they (the Americans) say that they want to reach an agreement? Why do they insist on keeping sanctions in place?"

Reza said that in the early months after the re-imposition of the sanctions, the prices in Iran kept spiking that it was once hard for him to repair any of their broken appliances, let alone to buy new ones.

After the sanctions' reinstatement, the prices of major foreign currencies in the domestic market were on an uptrend, rising even tenfold in some cases.

Commending efforts by the new Iranian administration, "I am hopeful that (Iranian President Ebrahim) Raisi would lift the sanctions as he and his team are very determined and capable," Reza said, referring to the ongoing talks between Iran and the remaining parties, namely China, Russia, Britain, France and Germany, in Vienna on the JCPOA's revival.

"Hopefully, if the sanctions are lifted in the coming Iranian year, the economy will be able to take a fresh breath. We can sell oil with greater ease and receive its money. In addition, the downward trend in (market) prices will gain greater momentum," he told his expects.

Washington re-imposed the sanctions, mainly targeting the country's oil and banking sectors, on Iran as a part of its "maximum pressure" campaign in a bid to cripple the country's economy.

"My son wants a bike. I hope I would be able to buy him one for the next Nowruz," Reza said.



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